Your Father In Heaven
Jesus Christ knew that God had made a solemn promise—the “new” covenant—which was first made known by the prophet Jeremiah. He understood that when this new covenant took effect it would supersede the former covenant. The first covenant would then become “old” and ineffective. He also knew and fully understood that the blood of the sacrifice which was needed to ratify and confirm the new covenant would be his own.
And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; For this is [represents] my blood of the new testament [diathēkē = covenant: the new covenant], which is shed for many for the remission [forgiveness] of sins. MATTHEW 26: 27-28
The new covenant would give God’s people the forgiveness of sins, and not just the temporary “covering” of sins in the old covenant. By Jeremiah God had stated, “I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.” God also had said, “they shall all know Me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them.”
What is the essential thing that would accomplish these promises for God’s people?—God’s gift: holy spirit! Ten days after Jesus Christ was “taken up” into the heavenlies, on the Feast Day of Pentecost, God “poured out” the holy spirit.
These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you. But the comforter, which is the holy ghost [pneuma = spirit: the holy spirit] , whom [which] the Father will send in my name, he [it] shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. JOHN 14:25-26
The comforter is holy spirit. In the new covenant God’s people are filled with “the promise of the Father”, holy spirit. God, Who is Holy Spirit, gave us His gift which is holy spirit.
And I will pray the Father, and He shall give you another comforter, that he [it: holy spirit, the gift] may abide with you for ever; Even the spirit [pneuma] of truth; whom [which] the world cannot receive, because it [the world] seeth him [it: the spirit] not, neither knoweth him [it]: but ye know him [it]; for he [it] dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. JOHN 14:16-17
The epistle to the Romans teaches us many of the great things of the new covenant that God has freely given His people by His gift, holy spirit.
But now we are delivered from the law [of the old covenant], that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit [of the new covenant], and not in the oldness of the letter [of the old covenant]. ROMANS 7:6
For the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus [of the new covenant] hath made me free from the law of sin and death [of the old covenant]. ROMANS 8:2
For as many as are led by the spirit of God, they are the sons of God. For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the spirit of adoption [sonship!], whereby we cry, Abba, Father. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God. ROMANS 8:14-16
In the “now” of the new covenant we are sons of God by the new birth of holy spirit. We have been “born from above” with holy spirit. God is our Father, we are His “sons”. The first epistle of John declares this very distinctly and powerfully.
Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he [Jesus Christ] shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. I JOHN 3:1-2
During his earthly ministry, Jesus Christ taught that he was the payment, the ransom, for man’s redemption. He knew he would offer himself. His blood would ratify the new covenant.
For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. MARK 10:45
Anticipating the fulfillment of all things required, he taught God’s covenant people to know God as their Father. The term “Father” was quite different from the name “Jehovah”—or Lord—which the covenant people had previously called Him.
Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven. MATTHEW 5:16
Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen of them: otherwise ye have no reward of your Father which is in heaven. MATHEW 6:1
Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they?
(For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.
But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and His righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you. MATTHEW 6:26, 32-33
Jesus Christ was teaching in the time of the “old” covenant the greatness of that which would soon be accomplished in the new covenant with the outpouring of “the promise of the Father”—holy spirit. Being born from above, all would be sons! The Lord God would truly be our heavenly Father!
And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you. For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened. If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the holy spirit [the gift] to them that ask Him? LUKE 11:9-10,13